Does Gastric Bypass Surgery Cure Diabetes? Diabetes is a serious condition that impairs the ability of the body to process blood sugar, which is also known as blood glucose. It is a severe and complex medical condition that affects the entire body. It requires stringent self-care, and if complications do arise, then Diabetes can have a severe impact on the quality of life and even reduce life expectancy. At present, there is no definite cure for Diabetes, but one can live an enjoyable life just by managing the condition and learning more about the disease.
Does Gastric Bypass Cure Diabetes?
There are mainly three types of Diabetes – all are serious and complex. The three types are – type 1, type 2, and gestational Diabetes. However, it is essential to note here that although type 1 and type 2 diabetes can stem from being overweight or leading a sedentary lifestyle, some diabetes is present from childhood days.
How is the body affected by Diabetes?
When someone develops Diabetes, the body is unable to maintain the optimum level of glucose in the body. Glucose is a form of sugar that the body uses as the primary source of energy. However, abnormal levels of glucose can lead to serious health complications in the future. For the conversion of glucose into power, the body uses a hormone called insulin. When the production of insulin becomes irregular or is no longer produced, a person develops the condition of Diabetes. The glucose is then not turned into energy and stays in the blood, which results in high blood glucose levels. The blood glucose level can be monitored through self-care and regular treatment. There are two things about Diabetes that should be remembered at all times –
- All types of Diabetes are complex and require management and daily care.
- The medical condition of Diabetes never discriminates; anybody can develop Diabetes.
How is Diabetes treated?
If a person is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, the doctor will surely advise lifestyle changes for the betterment of health and to support weight loss. A person who has been diagnosed with Diabetes will be asked to meet a nutritionist as only a specialized person can help a person afflicted with Diabetes to lead an active and balanced life. A person must also take necessary steps to reduce his Body Mass Index so that he can manage his condition without any medication or with only minimal medicines.
The use of insulin
People with Type 1 diabetes and some people with Type 2 diabetes may be prescribed by the doctor to inject or inhale insulin so that the blood sugar levels do not become too high. Some people may have to use insulin regularly to maintain a low blood glucose level consistently. If you are taking insulin, then self-monitoring is essential to detect episodes of very low glucose.
The insulin helps people to leave an active lifestyle and stories of sportsperson extending his career with the help of insulin is not unheard of. However, in addition to insulin, a doctor may advise other types of medicines to keep the Diabetes under control.
How can Gastric Surgery help Diabetes?
Diet and medical therapy have minimal short-term success for severe obesity, and the percentage for long-term success is almost zero. Weight loss surgery or Bariatric surgery, which was only used for treating obese patients, is now being explored as a cure for Type 2 diabetes. There have been pioneering studies in this matter, and the results have been very encouraging. Bariatric surgeries have resulted in a decrease in diabetic medications and a fast improvement in blood sugar levels. People who have a mild form of Diabetes can hope to achieve complete resolution after surgery. In a nutshell, surgery helps to control and almost eliminate conditions of Diabetes by
-Lowering the level of blood sugar
-Improving health problems which are related to Diabetes
-Eliminates the need for medicines for Diabetes
Which surgery is better: Gastric sleeve or Rny (bypass)?
The following two are the most common form of bariatric surgeries performed on patients in the US and elsewhere.
1) Sleeve gastrectomy/Gastric sleeve surgery
Gastric sleeve surgery is a kind of operation that aims to remove a large portion of the stomach and thereby aids in weight loss. The stomach that remains is narrow and become a smaller reservoir for food.
Medical researches have stated that gastric sleeve surgery has some effects on the blood glucose level and bring about changes in the gut hormones. All these help in the improvement of diabetes condition. The rate of remission for Diabetes after gastric sleeve surgery is also very high, and in some cases, the results are very similar to the other surgical option – gastric bypass.
2) The Roux-en-y gastric bypass is a type of surgery that looks to alter the GI tract so that the food bypasses the significant portion of the stomach. This operation results in significant weight loss and helps in the improvement of the diabetes condition.
Which type of surgery is better?
Gastric bypass surgery is the most preferred form of surgery for Diabetes as the patients exhibit positive results even before the loss of weight starts. Diabetes symptoms and weight loss indeed go hand in hand, but gastric bypass surgery helps in the remission of the disease much quicker. Several types of research have been conducted over the years. After a considerable number of successful operations, it has been proved, beyond doubt, that gastric bypass surgeries result in more weight loss, a lower waist circumference, reasonably low blood glucose level than the procedure of gastric sleeve surgery. So serious complications have ever occurred in carrying out Roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery.
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